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BOC Sciences provides high quality and high purity sphingolipid products for research in the medical-pharmaceutical, bioanalytical and life science fields.

Introduction of Sphingolipids

The basic structure of sphingolipids.Fig.1 The basic structure of sphingolipids.( Hernández-Corbacho, M, J; et al, 2016)

Sphingolipids consist of sphingosine bases, long fatty acid chains, and polar head groups. Sphingolipids are long-chain amino alcohols whose basic structure begins with sphingosine or related sphingosine bases. The fatty acid then attaches to the amino group of the sphingosine base to form ceramides. Ceramides are the backbone for the synthesis of various types of sphingolipids. Because of the different polar head groups attached to ceramides, different classes of sphingolipids are produced. There are three common types of sphingolipids, including glycosphingolipids, gangliosides and sphingomyelins.

  • Glycosphingolipids

Glycosphingolipids have a carbohydrate headgroup attached to ceramide and are found mainly on the outer surface of cell membranes, where they are involved in cell recognition and signaling.

  • Gangliosides

Gangliosides are sphingolipids with a glycosyl portion containing sialic acid. Gangliosides are the most important sphingolipids, which are abundant and diverse in the nervous system, especially in nerve endings, and play an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses.

  • Sphingomyelins

Sphingomyelins are the major components of cell membranes, and their metabolites such as ceramide, sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate are biologically active signaling molecules. These signaling molecules can act as first or second messengers to regulate cellular life activities, such as cell growth, differentiation, aging and apoptosis, and many other important signal transduction processes.

Biological Functions of Sphingolipids

Anionic liposomes have a wide range of applications in biotechnology research, including drug delivery, vaccine development, cosmetic modification, and biological imaging.

  • Structural Components of Cell Membranes

Sphingolipids contribute to the structural integrity and fluidity of cell membranes, which can maintain the barrier function of cell membranes and are involved in regulating the movement of molecules in and out of cells.

  • Determining Nervous System Functions

Gangliosides are particularly essential for neuronal development, axonal growth and synaptic function. They contribute to the formation and stabilization of myelin and play a role in signaling between neurons.

  • Involved in Cellular Signaling Pathways

Sphingolipids act as important signaling molecules involved in various cellular signaling pathways related to the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis, inflammation and stress responses.

  • Regulation of Immune Systems

Sphingolipids are involved in the regulation of the balance of immune responses and play a role in inflammation and immune cell function.

  • Important Disease Biomarkers

Alterations in sphingolipid metabolism have been associated with a variety of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Sphingolipid profiles and levels can be used as biomarkers for disease diagnosis, prognosis and response to therapy.

Advantages of BOC Sciences' Sphingolipids

1. High Purity and Quality

BOC Sciences insists on using high quality lipid raw materials and following strict quality control standards to ensure the highest purity and quality of sphingolipids.

2. Customizable Sphingolipids

At BOC Sciences, we focus on developing customized sphingolipids that meet the specific requirements of our customers.

3. Competitive Pricing

Our company offers competitive and reasonable prices in the market, while ensuring high quality products.

4. Experienced Team of Experts

Our team of experts provides technical support and advice to our customers to ensure the smooth running of their research projects.

BOC Sciences offers efficient and customizable ordering and delivery to satisfy our customers' requirements for complex experiments. If you need more information, please feel free to contact our professional team.


  1. Hernández-Corbacho, M, J; et al. Sphingolipids in Mitochondria. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids. 2016.

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